Health, at some point, is not a right but a privilege. Although a child, for instance, has the right for good health, adults, on the other hand, who are always most of the time in control of their lives are making things that may influence the kind of health they are enjoying that at some level may become a privilege. However, it is essential to think of it that a healthy life can be influenced by the social environment an individual belongs to. This is the main focus of this article, and the following subtopics are discussed in this paper to give more emphasis on the main topic.
- Some causes of chronic diseases and other related illnesses
- The response of an individual to health care programs
- Technological advancement in health care
- Individual responsibility to health care
- Individual awareness of diseases
- Factors influencing health and well-being
In this paper, the topics mentioned above are clearly emphasized and discussed by providing them examples and illustrations. Moreover, they are also presented as factors proving that the health of an individual can directly be correlated to his or her social environment.
Some Causes of Chronic Diseases and Other Related Illnesses
Brunner & Marmot (2006) emphasized the causes of diseases and other related illnesses to be socio-economic aspects, geographical locations, climate, and culture. Furthermore, stress can be noted in the second chapter of their article as one of the major causes of diseases.
The process of acquiring the disease from stress sounds like everything started personal or social and then finally turned out into a more biological issue as the body physically responded to physical situations.
Stress is the output of an environmental challenge faced by humans (Brunner & Marmot, 2006). The social environment in which human lives is a challenging environment to live in. This shows that humans are not ensured from not experiencing stress as a result of various challenges faced by humanity through socio-economic aspects, geographical locations, climate, and culture.
Stress is usually defined as the reaction of people to excessive demands or pressures while coping with tasks, responsibilities, or other job-related pressures. In the long run, it can lead to heart disease and high blood pressure (Robertson, 2000).
The effect of stress can be so challenging and somehow severe to the extent that they are detrimental to the future human race. Research shows that stress can affect a fetus while the mother was stressed during pregnancy (Ward, 2007).
The Response of an Individual to Health Care Programs
It is essential to think about treatment when it comes to the management of chronic illness or other diseases. Thus, it is also necessary to look at patients’ responses to some health care programs underlying the treatment and prevention of diseases. This is to say that patients’ reactions to some programs underlying treatment may vary according to their total understanding of the treatment process. The article of Assal (2005) pointed out the importance of patient education in the management of their long-term care. Furthermore, the report has also recognized common characteristics of chronic illness, treatment, and patients and physicians.
There must be something to look forward to when it comes to the implementation of health care programs. The implementation process can highly be effected by various factors that are already stated in the article by Assal (2005). As concluded in the writing of Hawkes (2006), “Connecting for Health has always been a good idea, but implementing it will call for even more blood, sweat and tears than already have been expended.”
Technological Advancement in Health Care
The advancement of science and technology opened up solutions to various diseases, of which some are noted to be incurable or are still subject to continuing research. It can be observed that challenges may come on the way in our quest to providing quality and standard processes in dealing with diseases and other related illnesses. In this regard, Piel (2005) asks two essential questions concerning fundamental health benefits issues, such as the following.
- Keeping up the rate of progress in world health development as currently enjoyed in the twentieth century.
- Ensuring unbiased availability of benefits to all.
The above essential issues are critical to understanding. It is crucial to find out if everyone can equally benefit the available advancement of medicine and other health facilities available for public use.
Reich (2009) commented, “As a result of increasing global competition and technological advancements, the US and other post-industrial nations have seen declining median incomes and a widening gap between rich and poor. Consumer demand has therefore been inadequate in the US and other post-industrial nations to keep those economies operating at maximum potential. Devichand (2004) quoted the following in his article.
“When I am poor, and I can’t get food, or heat and hot water, or basic health care for my family, life is truly miserable and wretched. But that is because I am poor, and I can’t afford these necessities, not because someone somewhere else has just joined the queue for a £500 haircut.”
The issues are more economical than expected. Considering that the gap between poor and rich is an upward spiral, the rich will continue to be served with a classy medical and other related health services. In contrast, the poor will continue to appreciate what is only available to them.
Individual Responsibility to Health Care
Everyone has the right to be given the right to a good and healthy life. Within the range of this right is everyone’s ability to impart fundamental responsibility in sharing common good and reaching out to those who need it most. This applies to give health benefits to those who exactly need them the most. Verity (2007) showed concrete information emphasizing everyone contributing to the spread of welfare in the community. Thus, individual responsibility in terms of shared interest is an integral part of spreading an equal chance or opportunity for everyone to experience.
Triggle (2006) showed the challenge of providing NHS care in prison. He quoted this in his article, “Like the rest of the NHS, it has been starved of investment, and our staff has not been given the right training.”
This is to illustrate the fact that wherever we go, various things are needed to ensure public welfare. Thus, an environment ensuring general interest first is most likely to experience safety at hand. In the case of health aspect, an individual belonging to a society where public welfare first is substantial will most likely to be ensured with good health and be satisfied in maintaining well-being.
Individual Awareness of Diseases
Perhaps the easiest way to encourage somebody to do things you want them to do is by keeping them informed on things related to what you want them to do. In the same way, individual awareness of diseases can give way to a broader understanding of what needs to be done. However, there is a challenge in this part since everyone can have different ideas or knowledge of a specific thing. The article of Last (2005) discusses the different perspectives of people concerning diseases. This is another way of saying it that everyone can understand specific condition provided that he or she is aware of other related things underlying that particular disease.
There can be more awareness, but how to keep everyone be informed of a particular disease is directly related to the kind of environment that he or she belongs to. This is another way of saying that the environment can be directly related to how an individual learns of specific things.
Health (2002) from BBC news column reported that “Public ignorance is fuelling the spread of HIV across India, according to the United Nations.” Furthermore, it is added in the report that the case will increase unless public awareness of the disease improves. This is to illustrate the fact that the environment and individual’s awareness of the disease can play as a significant factor in disease control or its spread.
Factors Influencing Health and Well-being
It is emphasized in the article of Brunner & Marmot (2006) that causes of diseases, and other related illnesses can be socio-economic aspects, geographical locations, climate, and culture. This is to agree with the information about the health and well-being of youth presented by Young People AIHW (2008). The article was able to show demographics regarding the health status and outcomes of Australian youth, factors influencing their health and well-being, and the performance of serving their needs.
According to Health and Neighborhood Renewal, Department of Health, England (2008), “The root causes of ill health are so varied that they cannot be dealt with by focusing on illness alone, or by defining health simply as the absence of illness. Evidence shows that the causes of ill health and health inequalities are influenced by factors such as poverty, education, housing, transport, crime, and employment. When people think about health, they tend to think about illness and access to specific NHS facilities, such as the local doctor’s surgery or the nearest hospital. While these services are important, they are just a part of the range of things that influence health. Improving health will mean addressing the wider determinants of health as well as ‘lifestyle factors,’ such as diet, exercise, smoking, and misusing alcohol and drugs.”
It is therefore clear that an environment where an individual belongs can play a significant part in his or her health. Though the health of a particular group or community is dependant upon many factors (Mega Essay, 2009), it is clear that an environment where an individual inhabit is undoubtedly one of the surest factors we can count on.
- Assal, J. P. (2005). Therapeutic Patient Education for Chronic Diseases. Understanding the Global Dimensions of Health, Springer.
- Devichand, M. (2004). The ‘superstar’ effect. Retrieved May 24, 2009, from BBC News Web site: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/panorama/3989569.stm.
- Eric Brunner, E., & Marmot, M. (2006). Social organization, stress, and health. Books@Ovid.
- Hawkes, N. (2006). Connecting for Health is placed in intensive care. Retrieved May 24, 2009, from Times Online Web site: http://business.timesonline.co.uk/ tol/business/columnists/article619747.ece.
- Health (2002). India AIDS awareness urged. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from BBC News Web site: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/2512559.stm.
- Health and Neighbourhood Renewal, Department of Health, England (2008). Factors Affecting Health and Well-being. Retrieved May 22, 2009, from Health Challenge Pembrokeshire Web site: http://www.healthchallengepembrokeshire.co.uk/ content.asp?Parent_Directory_id=705&nav=707.
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- Mega Essay (2008). Factors affecting health and well being. Retrieved May 22, 2009, from Mega Essays LLC Web site: http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/24568.html.
- Piel, A. (2005). The Coming Storm. Understanding the Global Dimensions of Health, Springer.
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- Triggle, N. (2006). The challenge providing NHS care in prison. Retrieved May 23, 2009, from BBC News Web site: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4876874.stm.
- Verity, F. (2007). Community capacity building: a review of the literature/ SA. Dept of Health
- Ward, L. (2007). Mother’s stress harms fetus, research shows. Retrieved May 23, 2009, from The Guardian Web site:http://www.guardian.co.uk/ science/2007/may/31/ childrensservices.medicineandhealth.
- YOUNG PEOPLE AIHW (2008). Young Australians: their health & well-being 2007, pp. 5-11