Multiculturalism is a well recognised philosophy that everyone around the globe knows. The term multiculturalism is a combination of two words, ‘multi’ which means more than one and ‘culturalism’ refers to the existence and practising of more than one culture. Hence, multiculturalism is the doctrine that several different cultures coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country. Multiculturalism is a blessing, or a curse is the two sides of a coin. Although it can be tagged as the concept of diversity and pluralism, it also involves the complicated issues corresponding to racism and discrimination between the ethnocentric and xenocentric cultures. Britain is a country offering shelter for around 60,6 million people (UK 2011). These immigrants give a platform to different religions, cultures and races to integrate and flourish. Britain’s success is the most straightforward and most evident confirmation that multiculturalism is a blessing. Therefore, it would be proven by analysing a few facts of British Society.
It was the colonialist period when Britain sent armies to the East. The East India trading company was in touch with each nation and got a taste of other cultures. People started immigrating in numbers after World War 1 that continued to change the trends of British society as it is today.
Firstly, one of the blessings of multiculturalism in Britain; it harbours the human dignity that leads to foster a better understanding of humankind. Interpersonal communication and relationships between the individuals or groups of two different cultures promote harmony and sociability in British society. Eventually, it helps to nurture the country towards the pinnacle. It thus proves that the British Culture is a gift of multiculturalism.
Second, in British culture, multiculturalism disintegrates racism and mistrust among the fellow people or among them. The least communication gap between the people or groups of different culture leads to the eradication of misunderstandings among People in British Society. And that provides the basis for people’s trust and harmony. So it can be concluded that in British society multiculturalism is a blessing.
Third, British Society’s multiculturalism supplanted the dry homogeneity of a non-multicultural society. To understand this, equate this with a lighter example as a Color-Television super ceded the monotony of a Black & White Television. British Society has vividness due to multiculturalism. People love multifariousness around them. So it proves that in British culture, multiculturalism is not a curse, but a blessing.
In addition, British society is warning and forbidding ignoramuses to be deliberately discriminatory or racist (Racial Discrimination Act). Multiculturalism in the British Society advances the principle that race consciousness, especially in the light of the global village, may be irrelevant. Multiculturalism is an integration force within the British Community. It shields the social control and harmony between the various cultures that ultimately benefit society as a whole. It thus portrays that the British Culture is enriched by multiculturalism (Hadjetian 2008).
Take for instance; Multiculturalism in British fosters the British economy in the right direction. Mainly in urban areas of Britain, skilled People emigrate from their countries that are incorporated in the workforce. The technological advancement in the country requires a cheap labour force from the third world countries. British multiculturalism helps attract certain immigrants from third world countries. It’s obvious, therefore, that multiculturalism is a blessing to British society.
Adopting other cultures in music and arts is another example of fixing the social fabric in British society. It promotes social control, harmony among the different cultures. People of different cultures interact and work together in social institutions (Educational, Political, Media and Social Control Institutions) and adopt the positives from each other and bringing the diversified approach to the British society. Eventually, it all gets a pluralistic approach in the community. Therefore, it can be observed that multiculturalism is a blessing to British culture (Mathison and Ross 2008).
In Britain, People attend and interact with each other on different cultural festivals in a calendar year. It paves the way for people of diverse cultures in society to embrace and draw inspiration for each other. It also helps in the bonding of different people, groups, and cultures for the betterment of British society. Keeping in view the argument it helps in finding out that multiculturalism is a blessing for British Society.
Moreover, multiculturalism in Britain appeals to tourists to observe different cultures in a single society. Anyone walking down English high street in Britain would come across the footings of multiculturalism as a fascinating idea. The shops, Restaurants, Music stores, Cuisines, crafts of different cultures are from all over the world. Thus, multiculturalism is a blessing for British society.
Multiculturalism is promoted through the growing trends of immigration. Immigration can serve to be beneficial for the countries where these people migrate. This is because the developed nations have more of an ageing population which they have to cater. Increased life expectancy and better treatment options serve as reasons for this. Another cause is the decreased birth rates in these nations. This results in low skilled labour, and hence immigrants can help to fill in these gaps. Also, the immigrants pay higher taxes comparatively, and this can serve to compensate for the amount required to cater to the aged. Thus, immigration helps to promote the betterment of the immigrants as well as proves to be beneficial to the economy of the host nation (Rowthorn 2004). Kelly (2011) suggests that the British economy has acquired many benefits from immigrants by increasing labour efficiency and modernisation. The cultural richness of the UK economy due to multicultural taskforces brings about many changes in the labour, working and educational areas. Yet, the impact of these changes is lesser on the employment opportunities and wage rates (Kelly 2011).
With multiculturalism, different cultures and religions evolve and understand. This leads to greater comprehension of the world by a person. Immigrants have an opportunity to adapt to the society of the country they moved to. On the other hand, the country’s nationals get a chance to experience and examine the diverse cultures of the world. This will help foster peace as people from two different countries learn to work together and are exposed to various world outlooks and viewpoints. In this way, multiculturalism aims to extend the human mind (Hainmueller et al. 2007). British society is a living example of such harmonisation of mind where people from different backgrounds live happily together.
Despite this understanding about multiculturalism and its benefits, there has been much opposition to the policy of immigration and immigrants have to face racism in the host country. The opponents argue that the immigrants take up their jobs, and the result is lower employment for them. This point has been argued against as it has been analysed the economic impact of immigration is not tremendous, and immigrants serve in to fill many vacant places and assist in boosting the income as a whole. Opponents also present the fact that not all immigrants who come to the host countries are educated, and this results in unemployment for them as well. The net result is an increase in unemployment and crime rate. To counter this, it has been seen that immigrants even adapt to the jobs of lower-income which are not taken up by the nationals, and unemployment is not a significant factor amongst them (Rowthorn 2004). Another issue that is raised against the immigrants is that they bring with them a different culture which contaminates the culture of the host country. In this aspect, the educated class understands that cultural diversity assists in the broadening of the human mind and in the development of peace of how beings from different parts of the world can live together (Hainmueller et al. 2007). Thus immigrants do not serve as a burden on the economy of the host countries but rather prove to be helpful for them as well and also assist in bridging gaps between different cultures. British society provides examples where economy benefits from the higher taxes, being paid by the immigrants and lower wages being demanded by them. The innovations and success that Britain enjoys are, in one way or the other, upheld by the immigrants.
By analysing all the examples of British society, it can be concluded that multiculturalism is a blessing for the British company as it incorporated plenty of variety in the community. If there were no multiculturalism in Britain, there would have never been the foundations of democratic norms as democracy is another version of pluralism. Multiculturalism if viewed from the ethical stand, proves that every being has the right to better opportunity and lifestyle. If one chooses to migrate to attain these benefits, it is not wrong. On the other hand, multiculturalism also serves to be beneficial for the developed nations because the immigrants help to fill in the gap, which is created due to the decreased number of people in the working ages. Cultural diversity is also enhanced using immigration. Hence multiculturalism is an issue which serves to assist not only the immigrants but also has a positive impact on the nation where the people migrate to.